Centre for Nanomaterials (CNM)
The Centre for Nanomaterials was established with a mandate to develop technologies for large-scale production of nanopowders and also to explore their utilization for applications which cater to either a large Indian market or a market unique to India. The Centre has made substantial progress not only in establishing a vast array of synthesis, processing and characterization facilities, but also in application development in the areas of electrode materials for Li-ion batteries and supercapacitors, aerogels for thermal insulation applications, nano aluminium powder as an additive to propellant, photocatalytic splitting of water for hydrogen generation, two dimensional nano-sheets of MoS2 & WS2 for catalyst and solid lubricant applications, electrospun polymer nano-fibers for high performance filtration applications.
The Centre is also focused on developing powder metallurgy based technologies such as oxide dispersion strengthened steels and iron aluminides for high temperature applications, Fe-based Cerametallic Friction Material Composites for clutch buttons, tungsten plates for strategic applications, lead free copper alloy bimetallic bearings for automotive sector, biodegradable Fe-Mn alloy based implants and powders for additive manufacturing.
The Centre contributed substantially for the indigenous development of electrode materials such as lithium iron phosphate (cathode) and lithium titanate (anode) for Li-ion batteries, petcoke derived porous carbon based supercapacitors for electric vehicle applications in line with National Electric Mobility plan of Government of India. Technologies such as nanosilver-based water filters and anti microbial textiles, nano-titania for self-cleaning textiles, lead free copper alloy bearings for automobiles, silica aerogel based thermal insulation sheets have been successfully transferred to Indian industries and a few more technologies are ready for transfer.